Tony Abbott of ECA Member firm Modus Utilities, explains why contractors need to plan ahead when digging in our busy towns and cities.
Walk down any high street in one of our towns or cities and you’ll soon come across the barriers that mark out a hole or trench where cables or pipes are being laid. As businesses and homes require more energy connections or internet connectivity, the number of contractors breaking ground in our streets is growing.
Difficult and dangerous
Digging into urban streets is difficult and potentially dangerous work. And it seems that it’s becoming riskier.
The Energy Networks Association reports electric cable strikes have increased 46% since the end of lockdown. On average, 70 people each year are seriously injured as a result of contact with underground electricity cables.
These are not the only potential hazards under our streets. There are gas and water pipes as well as telecomms cables to be aware of when undertaking these projects. The problems are exacerbated when working somewhere like the City of London where there are narrow streets and heavy traffic to navigate.
There is guidance on how to approach these projects safely. HSG47 Avoiding danger from underground services from the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) outlines three important stages of safe work during excavation:
- Planning the work
- Locating and identifying buried services
- Safe excavation
But not everyone is following the guidance. Figures show that around a third of construction workers fail to check for underground electricity cables when digging on-site.
Here are five tips to give you a head start when digging in built-up areas:
1. Do your research
A project that involves digging into city streets should start with careful research. Designing the preferred route includes making a request for statutory drawings for utilities. It’s also crucial to take the time to walk the route because this will provide a clear view of any potential physical challenges in the area.
A visit to the site can help to identify risks in the work location that may not be marked on the drawings. This is far more common than many people realise, as the drawings rarely keep pace with the addition of road layout, new street furniture, pipes and cables.
More worrying, there are rogue contractors who lay cables and services without regard to safety of others who may have to work in the area next.
2. Planning and checking
Although we can use a CAT 4 Plus scanner to track electrical cables, it does not provide accurate depths. If cables have been laid incorrectly this can be very dangerous to anyone working on the project. We have seen high voltage cables laid at 180mm when the depth should be 750mm.
Planning and checking literally saves lives. In theory, it might be possible using modern technology such as ground penetrating radar to map the cables and pipes under London’s streets. But, leaving aside the cost of that project, the map would also soon be out-of-date as things change almost on a weekly basis. So we rely on everyone in our sector working safely and keeping good records, which is not always the case.
3. Give it enough time
We’re all aware that projects are increasingly time pressed. Working anywhere in London is challenging because permissions to access roads may have to come from more than one Local Authority and involve Transport for London (TfL).
None of these bodies wants to close city roads for very long. As a result, it’s likely that the excavation contractor has limited time and space to get the work done, and that’s often when safety takes a back seat.
For example, the permitted area for digging may be very restricted on a busy road. Ideally, the contractor should work 500mm either side of a cable to avoid contact. But if a cable lies very close to the edge of the allocated work area, it could be tempting to lift the tarmac, ‘just to see what’s there’.
This is when accidents can happen. It’s vital to take the time to stop work and assess how to proceed to undertake the work safely (extending the work zone, or extending the permit, even if that seems counterintuitive). Planning ahead means that decisions are not left to a time-pressed site foreman who may make a bad decision with the best intentions.
4. Pre-planning and assessing proposed routes
This can highlight the danger areas and these potential problems can be controlled by instructing the excavation teams on how to investigate (no dig zones). These clear instructions reduce the risk of a bad decision being made for the best of intentions due to perceived pressure by the excavation teams.
The need to excavate in our city streets is growing. As new buildings are constructed, they require the utilities that are vital for modern life. What’s more, government is driving the development of low-carbon district heating systems in urban areas, which will add to the challenge as more pipes are laid.
5. Prioritise safety
As electrical contractors, we know the importance of prioritising safety for ourselves and our clients. With accidents on the rise in excavation projects, it’s time to put that same focus on ensuring that contractors adopt robust safety standards out on the city streets.
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